Foundations are mainly two categories.
1. Shallow foundation, and
2. Deep foundation.
See below for details:
Various types of Shallow Foundations:
Following are the types shallow foundations -
- Pad footing or column footing
- Cantilever or strap footings
- Mat/Raft footings
- Wall Footings
Wall footings are used to distribute the loads of structural load-bearing walls to the soil.
Common Type of Deep Foundation :
In addition to supporting structures, piles are also used to anchor structures against uplift forces and to assist structures in resisting lateral and overturning forces.
Thick slabs are used to tie a group of piles together to support and transmit column loads to the piles.