Building Construction Process From Start To Finish: The Definitive Guide

Building construction process from start to finish

This is a complete guide on the building construction process from start to finish.

If you want to:

  • Learn the step-by-step building construction process
  • Shine up your construction knowledge

Then you’ll love this guide.

You don’t need to be a civil engineer to understand this guide.

I’ll make this guide as simple as possible. So that anyone, even a layman, can understand this.

So, let’s start learning…

The Building Construction Process From Start To Finish

Step by step building construction process

This guide contains seventeen simple steps.

In these steps, you’ll learn the complete building construction process.

Under every step, you’ll find several Tasks.

In building construction, one task is overlapped with other tasks. So, read all the steps thoroughly to understand the process completely.

In every step, I’ll tell you which task is overlapping with which one.

So, let’s begin with the…

Step-1: Pre-construction Things

This step isn’t directly related to the actual building construction process.

But, to start the actual building construction, one needs to complete this step first.

The following things are involved in pre-construction.

  • Budgeting
  • Founding
  • Buying Land
  • Surveying The Land
  • Preparing Plan And Elevation
  • Getting Approval From The Government Authority
  • Preparing All The Drawings

[NOTE: If you are a construction professional and working in the building construction sector, you don’t need to think about this step much. The owner or the company, who is going construct the building, will take care of this step.]

Let’s discuss these things a bit…

Budgeting:

Construction budget

Of course, you need to think about the budget first for constructing a building. That means how much money you need to complete the building.

These are some of the things that you need to have budgets for:

  • Buying land
  • Designing and planning the building
  • Getting building permission from government authority
  • Project management cost
  • Building materials
  • Labor cost.

Founding:

Thinking about finds for building construction

Once you have prepared budgets, now think about the source of funding.

You don’t need all the money at once. You need them as you go through.

But it’s better to have the funding sources ready. So that whenever you need money, you can get them.

Not having proper funding sources can hamper your project’s progress.

Buying Land:

If you already have land, that’s good.

If you don’t have, here are some tips to choose one:

  • Check the shape and orientation of the land
  • Check the soil type
  • Existing roads
  • Accessibility to the plot
  • Essential service facilities
  • Restriction on building permissions.
  • What’s being built nearby
  • Privacy
  • Status of the existing structure.

Surveying The Land:

This is the initial surveying which is done to marking the plot, roads, and knowing the condition of the land. Which is then used to plan the building.

For surveying, you may need to hire a surveyor.

But often, the architectural firm does this thing.

Preparing Plan And Elevation:

Preparing plan and elevation of a building

For this, you need to hire an architect or contact an architectural firm.

There are huge things involved in planning and designing a building. Some of them are:

  • The requirements of the building owner
  • The requirements of the government authorities.
  • Structural-related issues, etc.

Considering all these things, the architect then prepares plans and elevation of the building and sends them to a structural designer.

Getting Approval From The Government Authority:

To construct a building, you obviously need to get a building permit from the government authority in your area.

The process is simple. You just need to apply for the permit and submit the required documents to the authority. Some of the documents are:

  • Land’s legal paper
  • Land survey
  • Soil test report
  • Plan, Elevation, and sectional drawing of the building
  • Structural report
  • Architect’s and/or structural engineer’s license

After completing some process, the government authority will give you the building permit.

Preparing All The Drawings:

Preparing drawings for construction

To successfully complete the construction of a building, you’ll need the following drawings:

  • Architectural Plan, Elevation, and section
  • Structural drawing
  • Plumbing and sanitary drawing
  • Electrical drawing, and
  • HAVC drawing

Once you have all these things, it’s time for…

Step-2: Mobilization And Ground-breaking

The actual building construction process is started with this step.

And, these are the tasks you’ll do in this step:

  • Hiring contractors
  • Site cleaning and leveling
  • Fence making
  • Site office making
  • Store making
  • Labor-shed making
  • Getting temporary power connection
  • Ensuring water supply.

Let’s discuss these tasks a little bit. So that you don’t have any trouble doing these.

Hiring Contractors:

hiring contractor

You can hire a general contractor or you can hire contractors for individual construction tasks.

When you hire a general contractor, he’ll provide workers for various tasks or hire subcontractors.

If you want to hire individual contractors for separate tasks, you can do that too. In that case, you normally need to hire the following contractors:

  • Civil contractor
  • Electrical contractor
  • Sanitary and plumbing contractor
  • Tiles contractor
  • Paint contractor
  • Wood contractor
  • Metal contractor
  • Aluminum and Thai contractor

You may need to hire some other contractors depending on the project’s scope.

Site Cleaning and Leveling:

If there are any old structures on the land then they should be demolished and removed first.

After that, the site should be leveled. So that you can easily move through the land.

If the land doesn’t have any old structure then there must have some plants and trees there. They should be cleaned and the site should be leveled after that.

Fence Making:

Fence making around a construction site

To secure the plot area you need to make fencing around the plot before starting construction work.

You can make a permanent boundary wall or temporary fencing. Temporary fencing is the most common way.

You can use the fence for hanging safety signs or some advertisements depending on the type of building and its usages.

Site Office Making:

You’ll have a lot of meetings with contractors, stakeholders, and team members during the project period.

For this, you’ll need a site office.

Initially, you need to build a temporary site office. After constructing the building up to a stage, you can build the site office inside the building.

Store Making:

For storing construction tools and materials, you need a store. You can make a temporary store or a permanent store depending on the space available in the plot.

Labor Shed Making:

Some of your workers may want to stay on the site. You’ll need a labor shed for that purpose.

Temporary Power Connection:

Temporary power connection

Of course, a construction site must have a constant power supply. You can apply to the local power supply authority for a temporary power connection or you can buy a generator. Depending on your location, you may need a temporary power connection as well as a generator to ensure a constant power supply in your project.

You Require A Constant Water Supply Too:

You’ll require water for almost all of the construction tasks. For that, get a permanent solution for a constant water supply.

You can get a connection from the city’s water supply authority or you can install a tubewell on your project.

Once you’ve completed all the tasks in step two, you can start…

Step-3: Setting Layout And Earthwork

In this step, you’ll do two tasks:

  • Setting out the building plan, and
  • Earth excavation

Let’s discuss these two tasks a little bit.

Setting Out The Building Plan:

Simply saying, the setting layout is a task that is mainly carried to locate the building on the ground.

And, it helps to mark the foundation on the ground.

Here is a step-by-step process for setting out a building.

After completing this task, you can start…

Earth Excavation:

To construct footings, you need to excavate the earth up to the design depth.

The design depth is specified in the foundation drawing sheet like this:

Design depth of a footing

But the earthwork excavation totally depends on the type of footings.

For example, If your building is designed with isolated footings, you don’t need to excavate all the plot at once.

You just need to make trenches for each individual footing.

Isolated footing

But if your building has mat footings, you have to excavate the whole plot up to the design depth like this:

mat footing

[Pro Tip: If your building has pile foundations you need to excavate earth after constructing piles.]

After completing this step, you can move to…

Step-4: Constructing Sub-Structure Of The Building

The structure built underground is called a substructure.

And, it involves the following tasks:

  • Foundation work
  • Short/Neck column Casting
  • Grade beam casting
  • Ground floor casting

Let’s discuss the typical construction process of these tasks…

Foundation Construction Process:

To construct the foundation of the building…

First, Get The Footing Layout Plan…

…from the structural drawing book.

It’ll look like this:

Footing Layout

Next, Locate The Footings On The Ground.

Footings are shown related to gridlines.

And, you’ve placed the gridlines during setting out the building in step-3.

Based on those gridlines, locate each footing on the ground.

After That, Complete PCC Work.

A PCC below footing is often shown in the footing section like this:

PCC below footing

PCC stands for plain cement concrete. And it’s a mix of cement, sand, and coarse aggregate with a definite proportion.

The proportion is specified in the drawing.

But, sometimes a brick flat soling is done below PCC.

In that case, you need to complete the flat soling before PCC.

Next, Complete The Reinforcement Work.

For that, get the reinforcement details drawing of footings.

You’ll get that in the structural drawing book.

And, It looks something like this:

Footing detail drawing

Study the drawing and place reinforcement as specified.

[NOTE: At the time of placing footing reinforcement, you have to place vertical reinforcements for columns too.]

Finally, Make Formwork And Pour Concrete

After completing reinforcement work, make the concrete formwork for the footing.

And, check the footing again as per drawings. If everything is satisfactory, pour concrete.

After pouring concrete, you can construct the neck/short columns the next day.

And, here is the…

Construction Process Of Short Column

The column below the grade beam is called the short column. It’s also called the neck column.

To construct this:

First, Complete The Reinforcement Work.

You have put the vertical reinforcement of columns during the footing reinforcement work.

So, you now just need to make the stirrup work.

For that, get the Column Schedule from the structural drawing book.

It looks something like this:

An example of a column schedule

In the drawing, you’ll find the size and spacing of stirrups.

Complete the stirrup works as per drawing.

Now, Complete The Formwork And Pour Concrete

Once the reinforcement work is completed, finish the concrete formwork and check the column again.

If everything is ok, pour concrete.

[NOTE: After casting all the columns, you may need to backfill.]

Construction Process Of Grade Beam:

For constructing grade beam…

First, Do The Reinforcement Work.

For that, get the grade beam drawing from the structural drawing book.

It’ll look like this:

Grade beam detail drawing

Follow the drawing and complete the reinforcement work.

Now, Make Formwork And Pour Concrete.

Once the reinforcement work is finished, check them as per drawing once again.

If everything is perfect, make the concrete form as per the grade beam size specified in the drawing.

When the formwork is completed, check the grade beam’s size, alignment, and placement.

If everything looks perfect, pour concrete into grade beams.

As you’ve completed the construction of grade beams, you can now start preparing for casting the ground floor slab.

And, here is the…

Construct Process Of Ground Floor Slab:

The ground floor slab is the slab that is built directly on the ground.

After constructing grade beams, you theoretically can step into making the ground floor slab.

But there are some things that need to be completed before casting the ground floor slab.

These things are:

  • Sanitary and drainage line under the ground
  • Any electrical lines under the ground.
  • Underground water tank connection, etc.

Most of the time, it can’t be possible to complete these tasks before completing the whole building.

In that case, you may need to postpone the ground floor slab casting.

If there are no such things, you can make the slab.

The construction process of a ground floor slab is simple. So, I don’t want to discuss that here much to keep this guide easy to follow.

You just need to follow the drawing and make the slab.

Postponing the ground floor slab construction doesn’t hamper the progress of the project.

[NOTE: A building may have a basement floor. In that case, the ground floor slab won’t be on the ground. And you need to consider this as a typical slab.]

Step-5: Constructing The Superstructure Of The Building

The superstructure is the part of a building that is built above the ground.

And it requires the following tasks to be completed:

  • Column
  • Slab and beam

Let’s discuss the procedure of completing these tasks…

Construction Process Of Column:

For constructing RCC column…

First, Get The Column Layout Drawing.

You’ll find this in the structural drawing book.

And, it looks something like this:

Column Layout

In the drawing, the placement of columns is shown with respect to gridlines.

As you marked gridlines during setting out the building in step-3, you won’t have problems placing columns on the floor.

Just mark the column positions on the floor as specified in the drawing.

After That, Do The Columns’ Reinforcement Work.

In the structural drawing book, you’ll find a drawing sheet named “Column Reinforcement Detailing”.

It looks like this:

Column Schedule

Just complete the vertical reinforcement and stirrups of columns and you’re done.

Finally, Make The Column Formwork and pour concrete

Once the reinforcement work is completed, make the concrete forms.

Check the column again as per the drawing. If everything seems good, pour concrete into the column.

When you finish all the columns, you can go for constructing…

Slab And Beam:

To construct slab and beam…

First, Make the forms.

For that, get the beam layout plan from the structural drawing book.

It’ll look like this:

Beam Layout plan

Based on this, complete the formwork of beams and slab.

After That, Do The Reinforcement Work.

For that, get the drawing of beam reinforcement detailing.

You’ll find that in the structural drawing book.

Based on that, complete the reinforcement work of beams.

Once the beam reinforcement work is completed, you can start the slab reinforcement work.

For that, find the slab reinforcement drawing from the structural drawing book.

Follow the drawing and complete the slab reinforcement work.

[Pro Tips: Once the reinforcement work of the slab is completed, you need to lay electrical pipes before pouring concrete.]

Finally, Check The Slab And Pour Concrete.

At this stage, you need to check the slab outline based on the architectural drawing. If it looks ok and everything is fine for casting, you can pour concrete into the slab and beam.

[NOTE: Once you’ve completed the slab casting, you can prepare to make columns for the upper floor the next day.]

Step-6: Masonry Wall making

masonry wall making

In this step, you’ll make:

  • Ceiling plaster
  • Masonry wall
  • Countertop Slab, Lintel, Sunshade, and False slab

Once the beam and slab shuttering are removed, you can start this step.

For that:

First, Make The Wall Layout.

Making a layout is just laying one layer of bricks or blocks to mark rooms on a floor.

To do that, get the architectural plan.

It looks something like this:

Floor Plan

Based on the dimensions shown in the drawing, mark all the rooms on the floor.

Next, Do The Ceiling Plaster

Ceiling plaster is just putting half-inch thick cement-mortar layer on the ceiling.

If you are wondering, here is an easy tutorial on ceiling plaster.

[Pro tip: Clean up the electrical pipes before commencing ceiling plaster.]

[NOTE: Cut off the ceiling plaster along with the wall layout. So that the masonry wall can be joined properly with the ceiling. For this reason, I prefer to make the wall layout before ceiling plaster.]

After That, Start Making Walls Up To 7 Feet Level.

But make sure the curing period of ceiling plaster is over.

As you’ve already made the layout before, you can now make walls up to the window bottom level.

When you reach that level, see the architectural plan to place window openings.

Once you’ve located all the window openings as per drawing, finish the walls up to 7 feet level.

[Pro Tip: In some walls, you need to make RCC counter slabs. Such as kitchen countertop and basin counter slab. The top-level of these slabs is normally 33 inches from the floor. But you should check the architectural drawing for this. If there is any slab in any wall, you should stop wall making at that level and make the slab first. After making the slab, you can continue wall making.]

Next, Make Lintel And False Slab

Lintels are made on the top of door and window openings.

Lintel

And, false slabs are made in the bathroom.

Both lintel and false slabs are made with RCC at 7 feet level.

For this reason, we stopped wall making at 7 feet level.

Once you’ve completed the lintel and false slab making, you can…

Finally, Make Walls Above Linter And False Slab.

But don’t remove supports from lintel and false slabs till they gain their strength.

And it needs at least 14 days.

[Pro Tip: No other works should be done in masonry walls before the curing period is over.]

Step-7: Inside Wall Plaster

Wall plastering

After making all the walls on a floor, you can start the inside wall plaster.

For that:

First, Get Ready For Wall Plastering.

Do these tasks to make walls ready for plastering:

  • Door frame fitting
  • Window grill fitting
  • Electrical wall piping
  • MK box fitting

More on these will be discussed in the respective steps.

Now, Plaster Walls

Nowadays, plastering work is done with cement mortar.

And, most of the time the mortar is prepared with 1:4 cement-sand mix.

Here is a step-by-step guide on plastering a wall. Read the post to learn more.

Step-8: Outside Wall Plaster

To start this step, make sure you’ve completed these tasks:

  • All the outside masonry walls of the building.
  • All the window grills fitting.
  • Drop walls
  • Any outside RCC design

But, it’s not necessary to complete the inside wall plaster of all floors. If you can, that’s better.

Step-9: Electrical Work

Electrical Work

In this step, you’ll do the following tasks:

  • Electrical slab piping
  • Electrical wall piping
  • MK Box fitting
  • Electrical floor piping
  • Wiring
  • Electrical Fixture fitting

Let’s discuss these things-

Electrical Slab Piping:

This task involves laying pipes into the slab. Pipes will be concealed.

These pipes are laid to run wires from SDB to switchboard and switchboard to electrical fixtures.

Do this task before pouring slab concrete.

Electrical Wall Piping:

To connect pipes in the slab to the switchboard and SDB, electrical wall piping is done.

Electrical Piping

You should complete this task before wall plastering. But after the curing period of masonry walls.

MK Box Fitting:

These are metal boxes on which switchboards and sockets are fixed.

And it is laid into the wall.

Fix these boxes before wall plaster.

Electrical Floor Piping:

Some cable lines and telephone lines run on the floor.

For this, you need to lay some PVC pipes below the floor tiles.

So, do this task before floor tiling.

Wiring:

As the name says, wiring is to run wires through electrical pipes.

And it’s done after a coat of paint on walls and ceilings.

Electrical Fixture Fitting:

This is the last task of electrical works in an apartment.

And it involves fitting lights, switches, sockets, etc.

Do this task after completing:

  • The final coat of paint
  • Tiles pointing

Step-10: Wooden Work

This step typically involves the following three tasks:

  • Door frame fitting
  • Door shutter fitting
  • Polishing work

Door Frame Fitting:

Wooden door frames are most commonly used in residential buildings.

Door Frame

This task should be done:

  • Before wall plastering.
  • End of the curing period of masonry walls

The task involves fitting door frames in the door rough openings with the hole fast.

Door Shutter Fitting:

This task should be done:

  • After floor tiling
  • Before tiles pointing

This task is just to fix shutters with door frames.

Polishing Work:

As its name says, this task involves polishing wooden door frames and shutters.

And, it should be done:

  • After the initial coat of paint
  • Before the final coat of paint
  • Before tiles pointing work

Step-11: Grill And Railing Work

In this step, you need to do these two tasks:

  • Window grill fitting, and
  • Railing fitting

Let’s discuss these two tasks a bit…

Window Grill Fitting:

Grills are fixed aligned with the inside face of the wall in window openings.

Window grill position in a masonry wall

And, sometimes on the balcony.

It’s mainly done for safety purposes.

You should do this task:

  • Before wall plastering
  • After the curing period of masonry wall

Railing Fitting:

The railing is fitted in the staircase and on the balcony.

Do this task before:

  • Plastering, and
  • Tiles work

Step-12: Plumbing And Sanitary Work

Plumbing and Sanitary

To ensure a smooth water supply and remove wastewater from the building, you’ll complete the following tasks in this step:

  • Horizontal drainage piping
  • Water supply piping in walls
  • Drainage piping in bathrooms and kitchens
  • Water supply and drainage piping above the false ceiling
  • Installing vertical drainage line
  • Installing vertical water supply line
  • Fixture fitting

Let’s discuss these tasks one after another…

Horizontal Drainage Piping:

If there is any drainage line run through the plinth area then you need to do this task before ground floor slab casting.

But sometimes, the horizontal drainage line runs through the ceiling in a high-rise residential building. In that case, you don’t need to postpone ground slab casting for the drainage line. Study the sanitary drawing to check this thing.

Water Supply Piping In Walls:

This Task is done in bathrooms and kitchens to supply water to sanitary fixtures.

Do this task:

  • Before wall tiles
  • End of the curing period of masonry walls

Drainage Piping In Bathrooms And Kitchens:

This task involves:

  • Making drainage line for commode and basin
  • Floor trap hole making and piping, etc.

You should do this task before the wall and floor tiles work.

Water Supply And Drainage Piping Above The False Ceiling:

You need to connect the water supply line of bathrooms and kitchens to the vertical water line.

As well as, drainage lines of baths and kitchen to vertical stacks.

This task should be done before completing the duct’s masonry wall.

Installing Vertical Drainage Line:

This task involves installing vertical drainage stacks.

In a vertical drainage line, you normally install:

  • Wastewater pipe
  • Soil pipe
  • Rainwater pipe, and
  • Vent pipe

Wastewater Pipe: As its name says, a wastewater pipe removes waster water from basins, showers, sinks, and downwash.

Water supply and drainage line in bathroom

Soil Pipe: A soil stack just removes wastages from w/c and sent them to the septic tank.

Rainwater Pipe: The rainwater stack’s task is to collect rainwater from the roof and remove that.

Vent Pipe: The purpose of the vent stack is to remove bad air from the soil and waste stack.

These stacks run through the duct.

Installing Vertical Water Supply Line:

This task involves:

  • Connecting underground water tank to overhead water tank.
  • Connecting overhead tank to bathrooms and kitchens.

These lines also run through ducts.

That’s why you need to finish this task before completing ducts’ walls.

Sanitary Fixture Fitting:

In this task, you’ll complete the fitting of all sanitary fixtures. Such as commode, basin, water tap, shower, bathtub, sink, etc.

When you’ll execute this task no other work should be left in the bathroom or the kitchen.

With this task, all the plumbing and sanitary work should be over in the building.

Step-13: Thai Aluminium Work

In this step, you’ll install aluminum windows with glasses.

You need to make sure the first coat of wall paint is done in the window area before starting this step.

Normally, A separate contractor is employed for this task.

Step-14: Painting

Painting - A finish task of building construction process

In this step, you’ll complete the following tasks:

  • Ceiling paint
  • Inside wall paint
  • Painting bathrooms and kitchens
  • Window grill and railing paint
  • Outer wall paint

Ceiling Paint:

As the wall paint is often different than the ceiling paint, you need to use separate paint for the ceiling.

But you need to prepare the surfaces of the walls and ceiling at the same time.

Because, if you paint on the ceiling before preparing the wall surface, the ceiling paint will catch dust while preparing the wall surface.

Inside Wall Paint:

As its name says, this task involves painting all the surfaces of the inside walls.

And you should do this:

  • After the curing period is over and the walls are completely dry
  • After completing electrical wiring

Painting Bathrooms and kitchens:

In bathrooms, there are two portions you may need to apply paint on – The false ceiling and Walls above the false slab.

Do the false ceiling paint after wall tiles

[NOTE: Most of the time, we make RCC false slabs in bathrooms. But sometimes, PVC false slab is also used. In that case, you don’t need to paint the false ceiling.]

And, you can paint above the false slab any time. But make sure…

  • All the sanitary and plumbing work is completed above the false slab.
  • The walls above the false slab are completely dry.

Window Grill And Railing Painting:

You can start this task during wall painting. But it is best to complete this task before the final coat of wall paint.

Outer Wall Paint:

In this task, you’ll paint all the outer surfaces of the building.

You can start this task when the surface is properly dried.

Typically, this task is done at the end of the project finishing.

Here I would like to discuss a bit about…

The Painting Procedure Of Wall And Ceiling…

…As it involves dependency on various tasks.

Here is the procedure…

First, Prepare The Surface

To prepare a surface, you just need to rub a stone on the surface to make it smooth.

Do this task:

  • When the surface is completely dry.
  • After the electrical wiring is completed.
  • Before any electrical and sanitary fixture fitting.

Next, Apply Putty

This is done to fill cracks and level minor undulations of the surface.

You can start this task once the surface is prepared and cleaned.

After That, Make The Putty Surface Smooth

In this task, you’ll use 220-grit sandpaper to smoothen the putty surface.

Start this task when the putty surface is completely dry. It typically takes 10 to 12 hours.

Make sure, you’ve completed this task both for the ceiling and the wall before starting painting.

Next, Apply Primer

The purpose of primer is to provide an adhesive surface to receive the coat of paint.

Start this task when the sandpapering dust is completely cleaned from the painting zone.

Now, Apply 1st Coat Paint

But make sure, you’ve allowed 3 to 4 hours to dry the primer.

Finally, Apply 2nd Coat wall Paint

Start this task:

  • When the first coat of paint is dry. It normally takes 10-12 hours.
  • After the electrical switch-sockets fitting is completed.
  • After the window grill painting is done.
  • After the final coat of ceiling paint.

With this task, you have completed the painting work of the building.

[NOTE: Sometimes, the 3rd coat of paint is required to get the fine paint finish.]

Step-15: Tiles Work

In this step, you’ll do these tasks:

  • Wall tiles in flats
  • Floor Tiles in flats
  • Common area tiles work
  • Pointing work

Let’s discuss these tasks:

Wall Tiles In Flats:

In this task, you’ll do wall tiles in:

  • Bathrooms
  • Kitchens, and
  • Any other location inside the flat.

To start this task, make sure, you’ve completed:

  • All sanitary and water supply piping
  • All electrical piping
  • Electrical MK box fitting
  • Electrical wiring

Floor Tiles In Flats:

In this task, you’ll make tiling the floor in flats.

Before start this task:

  • Complete all the drainage piping on the floor
  • Lay all electrical floor piping

Common Area Tiles Work:

This task involves:

  • Lift Lobby tiles work
  • Stair and stair lobby tiles work
  • Parking zone and driveway tiles work
  • Roof tiles work

Pointing Work:

Pointing work is to fill the joints of tiles with cement.

Do this task:

  • Before fixing sanitary and plumbing fixtures
  • After fixing all door shutters
  • After completing window fitting

Step-16: Boundary Wall And Landscaping

In this step, you’ll complete two tasks:

  • Making the boundary wall, and
  • Landscaping

Making The Boundry Wall:

A boundary wall is made to secure a building from outsiders.

You can start this task at the time of the building construction.

Or,

At the end of the construction period of the building.

But I prefer to start this task after constructing the foundation of the building.

Doing so helps to secure the project properly.

But sometimes, it can’t be possible to build a boundary wall before completing the building. In that case, you can still use the temporary fence to secure the project.

Whenever you start this task, doesn’t matter, you need to complete this before handing over the project.

For this:

First, Get The Boundary Wall Drawing

You’ll have some drawing sheets in the project’s structural drawing book as well as in the architectural drawing book. These drawing sheets are:

  • Boundary wall layout plan
  • Boundary wall section
  • Boundary wall footing, column, and beam, etc.

Now, Build The Boundary Wall With The Drawing

Typically, Building a boundary wall involves:

  • Constructing foundation
  • Constructing column and beam
  • Making the wall and coping
  • Plastering and painting

The procedure of these tasks is the same as the procedure of relevant tasks in the building construction process.

So, study the drawing and follow the relevant procedure that I described in this guide.

Landscaping:

Often, there is some land left open between the boundary wall and the building.

Sometimes, these land are used for the gardening purpose and/or for making a walkway.

Whatever the reason, no matter, you need to complete those tasks too.

Step-17: Final Inspection And Handover

In this step, you’ll do:

  • Checking water supply connection
  • Checking Electrical connection
  • Checking doors and windows

Checking Water Supply Connection:

In this task, you’ll go to each flat of the building to check all the sanitary and plumbing fixtures are working properly.

If any unusual things are found you need to fix that before handover.

Checking Electrical Connection:

Same as checking the water supply connection, you’ll check the electrical fixtures of each flat before handover the project.

Checking Doors And Windows:

In this task, you’ll check:

  • If wooden door shutters are straight and fitted properly
  • Door and window locks are working properly
  • Window shutters are sliding properly.

With this step, you’ve literally completed the construction of a building.

Conclusion:

So, these are the steps of the complete building construction process from start to finish.

Sometimes, you may need to do some other tasks. Such as:

  • Fire fighting
  • Central Air-conditioning
  • The water treatment plant, etc.

But you don’t have to worry about these.

If you understand the steps properly that I described in this building construction process guide, you can easily build a building like a pro.

There is no doubt about it!

Your Turn:

As this guide is big and there are many tasks to learn about, you can’t complete reading in a sitting.

So bookmark this page. So that, you can come back to this whenever you want.

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